As the 14th General Election draws close, and the various political parties go all out to woo the voters, Malaysian citizens should pay close attention to the manifestos of the actors involved, the actors themselves, their present and past records, and the issues and concerns that are shaping the political milieu as they prepare to make some critical decisions about their own future.
Pakatan Harapan, a grouping of four political parties — Parti Keadilan Rakyat; Parti Pribumi Bersatu Malaysia; Parti Tindakan Demokratik Malaysia; and Parti Amanah Negara — announced its manifesto on the 6th of January 2018. While the 13 point manifesto contains some commendable elements, it is deafeningly silent on one of the greatest challenges that has always confronted our nation — the challenge of promoting unity within our multi-religious and multi-cultural society. In the last few years this challenge has become even more pronounced with the decline of social interaction among people of different ethnic backgrounds especially in Peninsular Malaysia and the intensification of exclusive attitudes adopted by fringe groups in all communities which have had an adverse impact upon the social fabric.
These exclusive attitudes assume many forms. Among them are the antics of certain vocal groups who claim to speak on behalf of Islam when in fact their pronouncements and actions undermine the universal essence of the religion and alienate the large non-Muslim population in the country, including those from Sabah and Sarawak. Some of these exclusivists even argue that since Islam is the religion of the Federation as provided for in Article 3 of the Malaysian Constitution, the Sharia should supersede existing laws and their interpretation of certain Islamic precepts should be accepted by all without question.
Beyond espousing respect for the Constitution, the Pakatan Harapan manifesto does not take a clear stance against narrow interpretations of religion or religious authoritarianism. By the same token, the manifesto appears to be oblivious to the danger posed by chauvinistic thinking that shows very little appreciation of the role of the Malay language as a channel for effective inter-ethnic interaction or the position of the Malay Sultanates in shaping the nation’s character and identity.
In this regard, Pakatan Harapan has not even acknowledged the one document that was presented to the nation as its unifying ideology and its instrument for nation-building by the fourth Yang Di-Pertuan Agong on the 31st of August 1970. It was only recently, on the 10th of October 2017, that the Conference of Rulers urged everyone — leaders, administrators and the people as a whole — to uphold the five goals and the five principles of the Rukunegara. It is significant that the Rulers described the Rukunegara as the “guiding compass” for the nation.
At a time like this when divisive tendencies are getting stronger a guiding compass that articulates inclusive goals and principles becomes imperative. Our Rulers realize this which is why they reiterated their commitment to the Rukunegara in its entirety a few months ago. The least that political parties like the component parties of Pakatan Harapan can do is to endorse the clarion call of our Conference of Rulers.
If Pakatan Harapan had emphasized the Rukunegara whose first goal is national unity, it not only would have shown that it is serious and sincere about one of Malaysia’s foremost challenges but would have also demonstrated that it is crystal-clear about the direction we should take as a people. It is a lucid articulation of national goals that the people demand and political parties should live up to this expectation if they intend to give hope to the rakyat.
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